How could trade policy impact Canada's technology sector? (A silver lining perhaps?)
Since Trump’s announcement he will be changing the NAFTA terms, I have had many technology professionals ask my 2 cents about getting or keeping their TN work permit status under NAFTA. It is too early to tell what changes will be made to NAFTA and the issuance of work permits under various professional categories but one thing is for sure, technology resources are concerned.
The US has had the benefit of NAFTA to hire many of Canada’s top technology talent, especially in Silicon Valley. Many corporations such as Microsoft, Facebook and Google heavily use the TN1 and L1 work permit categories to hire Canadian talent. Under NAFTA, this was once a fairly straight forward process for technology professionals possessing the right qualifications, but it may become more onerous, highly restrictive and less attractive.
This is bad news for the US technology sector. In a time of great growth and change, the last thing the sector needs is a government imposing restrictions on hiring technology professionals that are desperately needed. The tech sector relies heavily on a global talent marketplace to staff projects. Recently, the U.S. Department of Labor forecast that the US will create some 1.4 million IT jobs by 2020, but US schools will barely be able to fill a third of them. Technology recruiters turn to Canada as the first place to recruit potential resources due to our common language, culture and schooling. The recruiters also rely heavily on countries where having a degree in math/computer science is highly valued and youth are heavily encouraged to get into technology.
Is there a silver lining with potential changes to NAFTA and US immigration laws for Canada? Yes, with uncertainty comes confusion and interest levels working in a country where your worker status is unknown and could change at a moment’s notice, people will rethink the US as a go to for technology jobs. Canada definitely has the need to take on tens of thousands of new technology professionals. Ina recent Huffington post article, it was noted “Out of 527,000 students who graduated in Canada in 2015, only 6 per cent — 29,000 — graduated from an IT field, the report found. Canada would have to graduate around 43,000 IT students per year to keep up with job growth.” So, let the hiring begin!!
Over the past decade and a half, Canada’s technology sector has been heavily impacted by the brain drain to the south. According toa recent CBC post, between 30,000 – 40,000 professionals are working in the US under NAFTA’s TN work permit status. A large percentage of these professionals are technology professionals. This number does not also include those who are in the US under other work permit categories. So, needless to say, a lot of top Canadian technology talent is working in the US.
Canada’s technology industry has matured significantly over the past 5 years and many US Tier 1 technology firms have expanded their Canadian footprint. Canadians working in the US now have more opportunities to find similar work to those located in Silicon Valley. Canada’s technology sector would more than welcome these resources back to Canada as well as those on the global technology marketplace who no longer see the US a viable place to have a technology career.
Canadian technology CEOs and recruiters should take this opportunity to entice Canadian workers back to Canada. Time to seize the moment!
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